Abode of the clouds that combines ethnic and natural diversity.
Meghalaya is bounded on the north and east by the state of Assam and on the south
and west by Bangladesh. The word "Meghalaya" literally means the Abode
of Clouds in Sanskrit. The state is inhabited by three ethnic communities - the
Khasis, the Jaintias and the Garos - each of which follows its own cultural traditions
and customs. The common trait binding all three communities is its matrilineal system
in which the family linage is taken from the mother's side. The people of Meghalaya
are known to be hospitable, cheerful and friendly. The state’s area is divided in
Khasi hills, Jaintia hills and Garo hills. The forests of Meghalaya are notable
for their biodiversity of flora and fauna.
22,429 sq km
October to May
Khasi, Garo and English
The nearest airport is Umroi, 33 km from Shillong. LGBI Airport, Guwahati is 128
km from Shillong. Helicopter service is also available between Guwahati-Shillong-Guwahati,
Shillong-Tura-Shillong and Guwahati-Tura-Guwahati.
A network of road connects Shillong with all neighbouring states and major cities
of the country.
For more information on travelling to Meghalaya and on the state, please visit www.megtourism.gov.in
or contact tour operators: Van Rap Tours & Travels, Shillong, Tel: 0364 2220954/09863097634,
Meghalaya Road Runner Tours, 098630 25621/094361-08581, E-mail:
email@example.com, Meghalaya Adventure Tours, Tel: 0986306036, E-mail:
Hotels in Meghalaya
Hotel Polo Towers
Hotel Centre Point
Places to Visit
The capital of Meghalaya is located in the Khasi hills at an altitude of 1496 m
above sea level. This city has been the seat of government since the consolidation
of the British administration in this part of India more than a century ago. The
city has a charm all its own with natural scenic beauty enhanced by waterfalls,
brooks, pine grooves and gardens. The place, the people, the flora and fauna and
the climate all combine to make Shillong an ideal resort throughout the year. Shillong
is also the headquarters of the North Eastern Council (NEC), the Eastern Air Command
the Assam Regimental Centre, the North Eastern Hill University (NEHU), Martin Luther
Christian University (MLCU). A bench of the Guwahati High Court also functions from
Shillong. The North East Telecom Circle-I has its headquarters at Shillong. Shillong
is also the Regional Head Quarters of Power Grid for North Eastern Region. NEIGRIHMS,
the first and the only Postgraduate Medical Institute in the North Eastern Region
and third in the country has been established in Shillong. Shillong also boasts
of having the first Indian Institute of Management (RGIIM), in the North Eastern
Region and the 7th in the country. The 12th National Institute of Fashion Technology
(NIFT) has also been setup in Shillong.
Ward’s Lake is one of the most popular tourist spots and adjacent
to the lake is the Botanical Garden and Botanical Museum.
State Museum exhibits the anthropological and cultural life of
the people of Meghalaya and opposite the meseum is the All Saints Cathedral, one
of the oldest churches in Shillong.
Lady Hydari Park is named after the wife of Sir Akbar Hydari and
close by to the park is the Crinoline Falls & Swimming Pool.
Don Bosco Centre for Indigenous Cultures houses a world class seven
storied museum showcasing the rich cultural heritage of north eastern states of
India. The skywalk provides the visitors 360 degree view of the city.
Smit Village is an administrative headquarters of the Khyrim
Syiemship and in the centre of the village there is the ING SAD where
the queen mother (Syiem Sad) lives.
Shillong Peak is generally believed to be the abode of a powerful
deity known as U Lel-Shyllongmeaning Shyllong god.
Elephant Falls lies on the way to Cherrapunjee.
Law Duh is a wonderful place for tourist in search of local colour
Entomological Museum(Butterfly Museum) is the only known museum
in India devoted to moths and butterflies.
Bishop & Beadon Falls can be seen from Nongkwar hill at Mawlai.
Shillong Golf Course is considered as one of the best country.
Archery Stakes run every day at Saw-furlong, Polo Grounds.
Cherrapunjee, renamed as Sohra, is famous for
being the heaviest rainfall area in the world and it is dotted with a number of
waterfalls such as Nohkalikai Falls, Nohsngithiang (Mawsmai Falls)
Kynrem Falls, etc.
Lawkyntang/Law Lygdoh (Mawphlang Sacred grove) is a dense forest
grove where the Lyngdoh (chief) used to offer sacrifices and prayers. Jakrem
Hot Spring is believed to possess therapeutic qualities.
Umiam Lake, also known as Barapani Lake, is at present the biggest
artificial lake in Meghalaya located at a distance of 17 km from Shillong. This
is a very popular place for picnics, fishing and water sports. Meghalaya Tourism
Development Corporation(MTDC) had started operating water-sports in the area. Also
the Orchid Lake resort run by the MTDC caters to the need of the visiting tourists.
Mawjymbuin (Mawjynram cave) one can see water dripping from a breast-shaped
stone hanging from the ceiling and falling down a stone resembling the shivalinga.
Ranikor lies to the south of Mawsynram(56 km from Shillong),a fishing
spots where huge golden mahaseers, the pride of the anglers, are available. The
dark blue deep water of Jadukata offers ample scope for water sports.
Mawlynnong Village, the picturesque village located a distance
of 90 km from Shillong has earned its reputation as one of the cleanest village
in India. The main occupation of the villagers is agriculture and about 82 families
living in the Mawlynnong village are responsible in keeping the village surrounding
Mairang is well-known for being the headquarters of U Triot Sing
Syiem, Syiem of Nonghklaw (Raja of Nongkhlaw) who raised the battle cry against
the British on April 4, 1829. A beautiful memorial is constructed here. Close by
to the town lies Kyllang Rock a massive rock of granite that rises 5,400 ft above
sea level the surrounding plains located distance of 78 km from Shillong.
Nongkhnum Island that recently created history in Meghalaya as
‘the second largest island in the Asian continent’ after Majuli Island in Assamlies
14 km from Nongstoin, which is the district headquarters
of West Khasi hills. The Island is approximately 20 to 25 sq km in area and it is
formed by the bifurcation of Kyunshi River into the Phanliang River and Namliang
River Thadlaskein Lake traditionally believed to have been made
by the army of U SajarNangli by digging their bows and scooping out the mud.
U Lum Sohpetbneng a sacred place of the Khasis. Chibragre
is an ideal picnic spot. Nokrek Peak offers an interesting range
of orchids including wildlife.
Jowai, located at64 km from Shillong is the headquarters of Jaintia
hills and commercial centre.
Nartiang is known for its summer palace of the Jaintia King, the
palace is located on a hillock approximately 2 km from Nartiang market. Adjacent
to the ruins of the Summer Palace of the Jaintia King in front of the arched gateway
of red bricks stands the Durga Temple,
which is believed to have been constructed by the King on his conversion to Hinduism.
The biggest collection of megalithic stones in single area is found here in
Nartiang. Within this collection of stones the tallest one was erected
by one of the lieutenant to commemorate the glorious victory of the Jaintia King.
Syndai Cave once served as a secured place where Jaintia Kings
used to keep their families during strife or war. In around Jowai town one can visit
the Monumant of Kiang Nongbah and SyntuKsiar meaning golden flower.
Umlawan Cave, located near Lumshnong village and at a distance
of 60 km from Jowai, is been confirmed recently that it is the longest and deepest
cave in the sub-continent of the caves explored so far. The Umlawan cave is connected
with Kot-Sati and Umsar Caves and forms a length of 21 km and 100 m in depth. Jarain
Pitcher Plant Lake, KrangSuri Falls, Tyrshi Falls, Ialong Park
and Iooksi (Kupli) Park are other attractions of these area.
Bhaitbari, (Garo hills), a place renowned for its historical and
archaeological importance. Siju Caves known as Dobahkolor Cave of Bats is located
near the Simsangriver.
Balpakram National Park offers a variety of Wildlife.
Sisobibra and Rongrenggiri, Nokrek Biosphere, near Tura Peak (872
m), are places of historical importance.
Fairs and Festivals
Khasi Nonkrem Dance Festival: November
Garo Wangala Festival: October
Jowai Behdienkhem Festival: July